There is an age old adage that “Everything is fair in love and war”. In response to Pakistan sponsored Uri terror attack on 18th September, 2016, reviewing and reconsidering Indus Water Treaty (IWT) by India as one of the soft and bloodless options that make a great sense. Water has always been a weapon of war since ancient times. Many wars have been fought for water and water has been used as weapon in many wars throughout the history. Water is an important resource for meeting basic needs of human survival and other economic activities. Moreover, by controlling flowing water it can be use as weapon. Therefore, in trans-national water system, countries at up-stream always have an strategic advantage in regulating and controlling flow of water. Even the way water is released by country at up-stream can work like ammunition. Even under ambit of treaty, arms of down-stream country can be twisted by regulating water skilfully. Moreover, only one treaty between two countries does not work in isolation, but, both the countries must respect and follow other treaty also. If one country does not follow Shimla Agreement, then why other country should follow IWT. Therefore, reviewing IWT by India make a good sense to mend the ways of Pakistan make use of terrorist against India.
India is second largest country in terms of population and third largest economy in PPP (purchase power parity) terms. However, if we see its performance in games and sports at Olympic level, it is quite dismal. Performance at Rio Olympics in 2016 had been very disappointing with only one Silver and one Bronze medal. So far, India has secured only 9 Gold medals, 7 Silver medals and 12 Bronze medals from 1900 to 2016. Out of these 9 Gold medals, 8 were secured in Hockey. Only Abhinava Bindra secured Gold medal in individual event of shooting. Boxing, Wrestling, Badminton, Tennis and Weightlifting are other areas of games and sports in which India could make some presence in Olympic in recent time.
However, if we look at the performance of China, it was very poor without any medal in 1952 at Helsinki. Then it stopped participating in Olympic due to political and other reasons. However, after its re-entry in Olympic Games since 1984, its performance kept on improving with time and barring 1988 Olympic at Seoul, it always remained under 4 in medal tally in Olympic Games. But, what went wrong with India that it could not do well in games and sports at Olympic even after moderate economic growth of over two decades?
Career in games and sports are very risky inIndia. And unless and until this risk is mitigated through proper policies support, proper talent can’t be tapped for games and sports. There needs to be some institutional mechanism to identify the talent and nurturing them for games and sport. Normally investment required in nurturing and grooming sport persons right from early age is very high which can not be afforded by many sport persons. Even if some of the talented person who can afford the expenditure, then there is a risk that if they do not become successful at national and international level what they will do in their professional life. This predicament creates a barrier for many talented people to make a career in games and sports.
There needs to be an institutional mechanism at district level to identify talented boys and girls below 12 years by organising games and sports at District level annually. Identified talented boys and girls can be trained at the cost of State at District level. These boys and girls after proper training should be made to participate at State level games and sports and those qualified at State level can be trained by similar state level coach. Similar procedure may be implemented for national level also. Government should make arrangements to provide post sports career opportunities for sports persons. There should be age relaxation and reservation quota in recruitment for sports persons that may vary from district level players to international players. Suppose if a International level player is given 15 years of age relaxation and quota in Group A services of government, the national level players may be given 12 years of age relaxation and quota in Group B service and so on. Those who could not be given job can be be given life long living allowances based on their performance at various level. Even corporate should also encourage in providing employment to sports person as their corporate social responsibility. This way talent will come out that will bring laurel at international level events.
Access to seaport and sea route is essential for economic development as it provides economic and efficient means of transportation of goods and services in economically intertwined world. Many land locked countries such as Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan etc in South and Central Asia suffer in accessing market efficiently for exporting their commodities or other products due to lack of access to ports and sea route. Some of the countries of this region such as Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan have sea ports, but have limited or no access to major sea/ocean routes connecting to major countries across the globe. Many big cities across the world has developed nearby seaports connected to major seaports across the globe that provides opportunities for national, regional or global trade and commerce.
Chabahar seaport in Iran in Gulf of Oman being jointly developed by India and Iran is a landmark initiative that will not only benefit Afghanistan, India and Iran, but it will also benefit other countries in Central Asia. Though China and Pakistan can also benefit from this port, but they have made their own arrangement through Gwadar seaport. Chabahar Seaport has potential to connect to Russia and European countries through rail link. Afghanistan has abundant mineral resources like copper, coal, gold and natural gas etc; Kazakhstan has rich mineral resources like chromium, copper, lead and zinc, uranium and petroleum; Kyrgyzstan has vast resources of gold, coal, petroleum, mercury and zinc etc; Tajikistan has mercury, zinc, copper, gold, silver, oil and gas; Turkmenistan has petroleum and natural gas; and similarly Uzbekistan is rich in uranium, copper and gold. Extraction and export of these resources can boost the economy of these Central Asian countries and access to Chabahar seaport will facilitate these countries to access global market.Iranhas abundant petroleum, zinc and coal to export.India can export finished engineering goods, food grains, refined petroleum products, bauxite, iron ore and import petroleum and other minerals from this region. Increased Trade among countries in South Asia and Central Asia, and Russia will boost the economy of these two regions and will bring prosperity to this region. Chabahar seaport will also counter the monopoly of Gwadar seaport developed by China in Pakistan which could be used for other strategic purpose in lieu of extending transportation services to other countries in Central Asia.
Miseries faced by humanity due to two World Wars in the first half of twentieth century compelled the world leaders to create international organizations in order to avoid conflicts, promote social and economic progress, and ensure human right and human dignity, and United Nation was one of the organizations established on 24th October, 1945 to achieve some of these goals. One of the basic aim for which United Nations (UN) was created is to maintain international peace and security. The Security Council is the United Nations' most powerful body, with "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security." There are five permanent members of Security Council of UN and ten non-permanent member of Security Council. Non-permanent members are elected for two years. Each of the five permanent members i.e.China,France,Russia, United Kingdom (UK) and United States of America (USA) are equipped with veto power to turn down any proposal for consideration in Security Council. All these five countries who are permanent members of Security Council jointly fought against the Axes Power and defeated them during Second World War.
After more than half a century, global geo-political scenario has changed considerably. Bipolar world after Second World War became a uni-polar world after disintegration ofSoviet Union. However, new powers are emerging inAsia. Crisis over South China Sea, prolonged conflicts in West Asia and Africa, and terrorism inSouth Asianecessitate an effective role of UN Security Council in resolving these issues peacefully and amicably. But, UN has not been able to fulfil expectations of global community in achieving the desired result in this direction.
Some of the countries of axes power such asGermanyandJapanmade rapid economic progress after war and reconstruction, and contributed to social and economic development of developing and least developed countries through generous aid.
Similarly,Indiahas been one of the biggest contributors of peacekeeping troops, and made a lot of sacrifices of its people in both World Wars while fighting on behalf ofBritain. About 1,50,000 soldiers of united India died in World war I and World War II. History is evidence thatIndiahas never invaded any country in past. Moreover,Indiais second largest country in terms of population and seventh largest economy by nominal GDP and third largest in PPP with highest growth rate at present.
Brazilis fifth largest country in world and largest country inSouth America.Brazilhas been selected 10 times member of Security Council and has contributed to peacekeeping operation.
Though number of members of UN has increased from 53 since its formation in 1945 to 193 at present; but, the number and powers of permanent members of Security Council have remained unchanged. Considering the growth of members of UN, changing global geopolitical scenario, changing economic and military profile of some of the emerging countries and need for more democratic governance in UN and more specifically in Security Council, number of permanent seats in Security Council needs to be expanded with same powers which existing permanent members have. In this scenario,India,Japan,GermanyandBrazilare most eligible claimant for permanent seat in Security Council. If security council is not reformed and new claimants of permanent membership are not inducted in Security Council, they may resort to formation of an alternative organization for cooperative security and peace building. In case, if this happens, UN will lose its importance in due course of time.
Modi government got massive mandate in previous parliamentary election and completed its one year on 26th May, 2015. As mandate given by public was massive, so was their high expectation from this government. How far this government has been able to meet the expectations of people is being debated in media, political and social circles.
The most important role of any responsible government is to create employment for its people or create environment conducive for employment generation so that people could meet their basic necessity of food, clothing, shelter, heath care and education for their children with dignity. GDP has grown from 6.9 % in 2013-14 to 7.3 % in 2014-15 in one year. However, in last quarter of 2014-15, it was 7.5% against 7% ofChina, -.2% ofBraziland 0.7% of US in subdued global economic environment. Expansion of economy is closely related with employment that clearly indicates that employment has increased almost in same proportion in last one year. Employment generation will be able to take a giant leap only when Land Acquisition Bill and GST Bill are passed creating a conducive environment for both domestic and foreign investment and that is likely to take 3-4 years from now to fully fructify. Modi government has created a separate ministry for skill development that will map the skill requirements of work force of nation for needs of its industrial, service and agricultural sector, and accordingly institution for skill and entrepreneurship development is being developed.
Within a week after its inauguration, Modi government set up a Special Investigation Team (SIT) on corruption. Modi government has shown zero tolerance towards corruption. So far no one could raise a finger on Modi government as far as corruption is concerned.
Modi government has taken multi-pronged strategies for poverty alleviation. Make inIndia, skill development, universal access to banking especially to poor and easy access of capital to small and medium enterprises will definitely help in creating more employment and in turn will help in alleviating poverty.
Modi government has brought a number of social security schemes at affordable premium for poor people such as Atal Pension Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana catering to the needs of various segments of poor people who were not having any social security cover .
To give boost to industrial development, Modi government has launched ambitious “Make inIndia” program. Modi government is working on long term plan as a pre-requisite to “Make in India” that encompass Land Acquisition Bill, GST Bill, Labour Law reforms so that foreign as well as domestic investment could be deployed in country.
For enhancing internal and external security, Modi government has increased its soft power as well as hard power. Modi government has improved relations with most of the neighbouring countries through its soft power in order to enhance its internal as well as external security. In addition, this government is enhancing its hard power by acquisition of military hardware, equipment and other supplies. Moreover, hard power is further enhanced by make inIndiain defence.
To boost agricultural production, a dedicated TV channel for farmers has been launched by Modi government to educate and guide them on best global practices on agriculture to improve agricultural productivity. Similarly, this government is planning to expand soil testing lab across the country so that farmers could know precisely the quantity and type of fertilizer for their land for a particular type of crop.
Modi government has done extremely well in foreign policy by improving relations with neighbouring countries as well as with global economic and military power. This has helped in bringing foreign investment, acquisition of strategic military hardware, acquisition of nuclear equipment and nuclear fuel supplies. Modi government has reached out to people of Indian origin (PIO) through PM Modi’s visit toFiji,Mauritius, Seychelles etc. It will help inIndiasecuring a permanent seat in Security Council in United Nation.
Modi government has taken various step to enhance the capacity of rail infrastructure, introduction of high speed trains. Execution of national highway project is being executed very rapidly. There is phenomenal growth in capacity addition in power generation in both conventional as well as renewal energy sectors in last one year.
Smart cities project of Modi government is environmentally benign as well as energy efficient. Swachh Bharat and cleaning ofGangeswill help in improving the health of people and in turn improve the economic conditions of people through tourism.
In last one year Modi government has embarked on a number of ambitious projects, and most of them will show result in three to five years. Due to political reason a lot of impediments are there in implementing the policies of Modi government. But, if Modi government becomes successful in pushing various reforms through legislation, there will be unprecedented development and progress inIndiain years to come.
In media there are some voices that PM Modi is taking hard line stand against Pakistan. Right since his inauguration as PM in May, 2014, PM Modi took initiative to improve and maintain better relations with its neighbouring countries, especially with all the members of SAARC countries including Pakistan. He called head of state/government of all members of SAARC countries at his inauguration and he always talked about development of entire SAARC region. He offered to launch satellites for benefits of members of SAARC countries for better communication and education among SAARC member countries. He also emphasized the need for enhanced trade among member countries for mutual benefits. Most of the SAARC member countries responded positively to initiatives of PM Modi except Pakistan. PM Modi has shown enough good gesture by proposing to help people in Pak occupied Kashmir during recent flood. Pakistan does not want to respond to good gesture and progressive diplomacy. PM Modi invited Pakistan for bilateral talks at Secretary level, but Pakistan spoiled the same by meeting separatist leaders in Kashmir before talk despite India’s advice not to do so. After cancellation of talk, Pakistan started unprovoked firing across the border for which India had no other option except to respond in similar manner. And India responded in very clear and unambiguous terms and India dealt the matter with iron hands. India and Pakistan fought four wars since 1948 to 1999, and all with heavy cost to Pakistan. Failing miserably in conventional warfare against India, Pakistan pursued the path of cross border terrorism. Though all the previous governments in India have acted tough during conventional warfare, but they did not respond adequately against Pakistan sponsored cross border terrorism. So, Modi has rightly taken a tough stand against Pakistan on cross border terrorist infiltration. PM Modi and the then Defence Minister Jaitely were right in their approach that Pakistan should bear the adequate cost of its misadventure in order to create a credible deterrence to its recurring misadventure. The meaningful talk can take place only if effective deterrence is created. Though sometimes tough action against Pakistan by India goes in favour of Pakistan by uniting various factions in Pakistan, but this should not be a prohibitive condition for pre-emptive action. However, unnecessary display of jingoism and machismo in electronic media is not warranted and sometimes it goes in favour of adversary.
Pakistan and some sympathiser of Pakistan argue that non state actors in Pakistan are waging war against India. This arguments were given in 1948 and 1999 war also from Pakistan side. There is nothing like non state actors in Pakistan that wage proxy war against India. They are fostered by military, political and religious establishment in Pakistan to be used mainly against India. Basically Pakistan is born out of anti India sentiments and nurtured on the same sentiments since its coming into existence. Moreover, Pakistan even after having same/similar ethnicity, language , history and culture it became puppet and religious laboratory in hands of some of the rich Islamic countries of West Asia. It is ridiculous that they don't introspect the reason for loosing Bangladesh and not serious about consolidating Balochistan, rather continuously they waste their energy on continuously harping on Kashmir issue. So, Indo-Pak relation must be seen in that perspective.
There is also some opinion in media that India can not attain its goal of attaining the status of regional/global power without having good relations with Pakistan. As far as India becoming a regional power or super power is concerned, Pakistan can not come in the way, as this path goes through economic development. Once economic power is achieved , it can achieve both hard and soft power to be in comity of powerful nations. And Modi is pursuing the same vigorously. So Modi's approach was absolutely appropriate in dealing with Pakistan.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi is in India on 8th June 2014 to improve Sino-India relation. Perhaps, he will discuss the India visit of President Xi Jinping also to further improve relations. Modi has already accepted Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo's invitation to vist Japan in July this year. US President Obama's invitation has also been accepted by Modi and he is likely to visit in September this year. All these three countries who are trying to cozing up their relations with new government in India led by Modi are great economic power and two of them i.e. US and China are strong military power. US and Japan are aligned and thay have their own joint security and strategic arrangements. Now it is to see which way Modi government leans. Is it towards US-Japan axis or towards China or maintain equidistance from all the three and maintainging only business relations. However, unlike many other head of Governments, Modi has displayed a unique diplomatic sign by choosing Bhutan as his first foregn visit as Prime Minister of India,
As far as Modi is concerned, he believes that if India has to get a respectful place among comity of powerful nations, it has to make rapid economic progress. And for economic development and progress, peace is an essential requirements and more so with neighbors. Similarly, China also must be aware of this fact that any confrontation or armed conflict may also spoil its ambition to become number one economic power in the world, because history is testimony that whoever plunged in war have lost their position even after winning the war. Therefore, both India and China would appreciate that this is not the proper time to dig up the old embarrassing issues rather to collaborate and cooperate for mutual benefits. As far as Japan is concerned, it will always try to rope in India against China to contain China in order to be in advantageous position in its relation with China. As far as US is concerned, it also does not want a strong China which could undermine its position in Asia and Pacific region, and it will try to prop up India against China, that will not be in over all interest of India and China. If India and China come under confrontation, the western power led by US will again try to hold their grip on Asia and would try to make its colony economically. Arms trade and possible future FDI by US defence manufacturing companies in India should not be seen in terms of strategic cooperation between India and US as it is compulsion of these two countries to come together to fulfill their mutual interest, as India is in dire need of getting defence technology, and US has to save its defence production units by providing them market. Now it is to see how India under leadership of Modi handle these three powerful nation and work cautiously to best of its advantage.
There is a perception in some sections of political commentators on international relations in South Asia that dangerous trend in nuclear South Asia will emerge once Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) led by Mr Narendra Modi comes to power in India after 2014 Parliamentary elections. Many such arguments made is based on any unfounded logic. First BJP and Modi have been painted as Hindu hard liner that is not true as during 12 years of Modi's rule in Gujarat no communal riots have taken place and economic development of minority community is phenomenally high compared to many other states inIndia. Modi will prove to be a statesman not playing in hands other nations and that is also a sure sign to establish peace with neighbours. He is pro -development politician and knows very well that development and peace go hand in hand. And for achieving this, good relation with neighbours is essential.
However, in South Asia, there are two nuclear armed countries i.e. India and Pakistan who have major territorial disputes since creation of Pakistan in 1947 and that led to series of war between India and Pakistan. As of now India is committed to no first use of Nuclear weapon as per its nuclear doctrine, but there is no such commitment from Pakistan. The collaborative relations between ISI of Pakistan and jihadi militants and helplessness of political establishment in Pakistan are well known to the world. If militants lay a hand on nuclear weapon in Pakistan, its consequences may be disastrous not only for India, but for Pakistan also. In this situation India has to calibrate its nuclear doctrine if nuclear weapon is passed on in hands of non state actor such as jihadi militants and Taliban. In such situation, a statesman like Modi will not tolerate any non sense activity and if required will give befitting replies. Now the action of Pakistan will decide that what type of response they want