Recently India has surpassed France and has become sixth largest economy in world in terms of nominal GDP. Considering the current growth rate of economy of India and considering the existing gap between GDP of India and UK, it is quite likely that in a year or so India will take over fifth position in world economy surpassing UK. Now the global economy is moving towards knowledge based economy rather than asset based economy. Knowledge base and its application needs to be increased more in agriculture sector to improve the productivity. Government should invest adequate amount of money in research and development (R&D) in agriculture and distributing the knowldge created through R&D to doorsteps of farmers. However, in industry sector, focus should be on productivity, quality, cost reduction and venturing into new high tech area of manufacturing and product diversification where India is importer such as manufacturing of advance electronic components and sub-systems, advance metals and materials. This requires two pronged approach: one acquiring best possible advanced technologies availaible across the globe even if it is a bit costlier and other pumpimg about 3 percent of output of the particular sector in R&D. Companies can be given some benefit in tax for money spent in R&D. Service sector is of course doing well, but still scope exists in tourism and health sector. Taking these steps will definitely further improve Indian economy.
Recently the dissolution of PDP-BJP government in Jammu and Kashmir has put a question mark on restoring normalcy in Kashmir valley through carrot of development. Kashmiri separatists are now seeking other options for their support and that is Islamic State. However, focus of Kashmiri separatist has been shifting over the years due to bad mishandling of Kashmir issue right from beginning. Earlier, few handful of Kashmiri separatists collaborated with Pakistan/ISI for fulfilling their personal political ambitions of being in prominence in politics of Kashmir. This provided leverage to Pakistan in nurturing terrorism in Kashmir valley and manipulating Kashmir politics against India. After Soviet-Afghan war, Pakistan diverted material and ideological resources to Kashmiri separatists to intensify terrorism in India. This further encourage many other separatists to open new profitable terror shop. This terror shop not only gives money but also recognition to terror shop operators and encourages others to become terrorist. In order to curb terrorism Government should stop flow of illegal funding in Kashmir from outside. Even infrastructure development works should be stop for few years in Kashmir so that extortion money extracted by terrorists from devepmental work could not be generated for funding terrorism. Social media should be banned and government controlled media should only operate and that should promote moderate Sufi Islam and not a fanatic Wahabi Islam. Kashmiri Hindus who has left Kashmir should be rehabilitated in Kashmir by providing self sufficient integrated colonies at various locations in Kashmir valley fully protected by military and paramilitary forces. Even Kashmiri Hindus can trained and armed with weapons for their self defence. A committee of experts on Article 370 of Constitution must be constituted to examine and advise that how people from other parts of India can be settled in Kashmir.
It appears that Kashmiri separatists have been toying with many ideas at different point of time. Initially they wanted separate Kashmir independent from India and Pakistan, then perhaps Kashmir going to Pakistan. However, over the years they have realized that in both the above mentioned options they will fall prey to Pakistan, and India will not let it happen. That's why Kashmiri separatists have gone for other options in desperation i.e. sitting in lap of Islamic State. Hypothetically If Islamic State captures and takes over the Kashmiris, Kashmiris will become second class citizen and life of Kashmiris will become miserable for ages, because there will be cultural invasion in the name of religion that is very painful. Moreover, in times to come Pakistan will pay a heavy price as it will be the next target of Islamic State being a Islamic country in vicinity.
Reservations in government jobs and admission in educational institution has been provided to some reserve category based on caste after independence. This was initially provided for a limited period of ten years to give opportunity to Schedule Caste (SC) and Schedule Tribes (ST) candidates to improve their scoio-economic status. However, it has gone not only in perpetuity, but has taken in its ambit other groups such as other backward classes(OBC), and many more groups are striving to be a part of these reserved group. Though, it is duty of government to strike a balance between efficiency and equity in governance for balanced development of society, but, the reservation in jobs and education miserably failed in bringing needed societal changes and balanced development of reserved categories even after more than half a century of implementation of reservation. Moreover, especially in government job it reduced the efficiency of government functioning as in a networked group minimum efficiency of an individual determines the efficiency of the group. The main malady of this policy was that particular members of few families of schedule castes and schedule tribes especially got benefited from reservation again and again.
Government should come out with different policy on upliftment of SC, ST and OBC. The main reason for their underdevelopment is educational backwardness due to their economic incapability. The government should address free of cost education for deserving candidates of these reserved categories. Some of the measures which government should consider to implement are as follows:
This will be a more holistic model and will be able to provide education to more children of reserved categories without further creating a divided society among schedule caste, schedule tribes and OBCs.
Water is one of the most important resources required for survival of human being, animals and plants. Freshwater is very tiny percentage of total water resources available in glaciers, rivers, lakes, underground aquifers, and as a moisture content in soil and air. With growing population and related economic activities, requirements of freshwater is increasing day by day. With careless economic activities , freshwater is not only being consumed at faster rate, but, the same is being degraded also that is reducing the freshwater availability suitable for use, and thus putting extra burden on available freshwater resources. Moreover, climate change is causing changing pattern of rainfall in place, time and intensity that virtually reduces the fresh water availability to suitable for consumption of human or animal settlements and many related economic activities. Moreover, water is a global issue and many freshwaterbodies and resources are shared by multiple countries and If water is not managed properly, its scarcity will lead to mass migration and in-turn interstate and intra-state war for water.